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Located on the Indian Ocean and straddling the Equator, Kenya enjoys diverse climatic and geographical trends. The country has a population of 45.9 million people, a democratic government based in the capital Nairobi, currently headed by President Uhuru KENYATTA.
New elections took place on 4th March 2013 where a new electroral system was implemented. Uhuru Kenyatta, son of the first post-independence President Jomo Kenyatta, beat Rail Odinga in the election poll reaching the required 50% agaisnt 42% gathered by Rail Odinga.
The country has a coastline of 536 kms with low plains rising to central highlands bisected by the Rift Valley and a fertile plateau in the west, bordering on Tanzania.
The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; the country's physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value.
Daily Nation - Kenya's Premier Newspaper
Magical Kenya - The official Kenya destination website
Kenya is the economic and transport hub of East Africa. Kenya’s real GDP growth has averaged over 5% for the last seven years. Since 2014 Kenya has been ranked as a lower middle income country because its per capita GDP crossed a World Bank threshold. While Kenya has a growing entrepreneurial middle class and faster growth, its economic and development trajectory is threatened by weak governance and corruption. Unemployment and under-employment are high, but reliable numbers are hard to find.
Agriculture remains the backbone of the Kenyan economy, contributing 25% of GDP. About 80% of Kenya’s population of roughly 42 million work at least part-time in the agricultural sector, including livestock and pastoral activities. Over 75% of agricultural output is from small-scale, rain-fed farming or livestock production.
Inadequate infrastructure continues to hamper Kenya’s efforts to improve its economic growth to the 8-10% range so that it can meaningfully address poverty and unemployment. The KENYATTA administration sought external investment in infrastructure development. International financial institutions and donors remain important to Kenya's economic growth and development, but Kenya has also successfully raised capital in the global bond market. Kenya issued its first sovereign bond offering in mid-2014. Nairobi has contracted with a Chinese company to construct a new standard gauge railway connecting Mombasa and Nairobi, with completion expected in 2017. The country is in the process of devolving some state revenues and responsibilities to the counties. Inflationary pressures and sharp currency depreciation peaked in early 2012 but have since abated following low global food and fuel prices and monetary interventions by the Central Bank. Chronic budget deficits, including a shortage of funds in mid-2015, hampered the government’s ability to implement proposed development programs, but the economy is back in balance with many indicators, including foreign exchange reserves, interest rates, inflation, and FDI moving in the right direction.
Tourism holds a significant place in Kenya’s economy. Multiple terror attacks by the Somalia-based group al-Shabaab in the time since the 2013 attack on Nairobi’s Westgate mall, which killed at least 67, had a negative effect on international tourism earnings, but the sector is starting to recover. Kenya’s success in hosting a series of incident-free high-profile events in the second half of 2015, including the visit of US President Obama, has helped improve the outlook for tourism.
A siginficant development for Kenya wass the successful 'Yes' vote for a new Constitution held on 4th August 2010. This introduced new legislation regarding Presidential powers, judiciary reforms and the historically sensitive issue of land ownership.
- Life expectancy is currently estimated at 63 years.
- Unemployment is estimated at 40% (2013).
- An estimated 43.4% of the population lives below the poverty line. (2013)
Tourism is well established with numerous national parks and national reserves around the country ranging from beaches along the Indian Ocean coast to the game parks in the west, central and northern parts of the country. I recommend it highly for the first-time safari or anyone wishing to capture instant Africa in a few days.
A varied climate ranges from a hot and humid climate along the coast all year round with temperatures averaging 30 degrees Centigrade throughout the year. This is tempered by sea breezes.
The Central Highlands and Rift Valley, including Mount Kenya, Africa’s second highest mountain, provide the most pleasant climatic conditions. Western Kenya sees temperatures averaging between 30-34 degrees Centigrade throughout the year with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year.
North and Eastern Kenya is covered by bush land and deserts. Temperatures get up to 40 degrees C during the day with sparse rainfall.
Weather forecast in Kenya - See what the weather is like now in Kenya